Climate change is one of the key challenges of the 21st Century that receives a global attention. Consequences and impacts of climate change are internationally recognized, for such an intensive efforts has been, and still being made, to address climate change. In line with the UAE international and national commitments towards addressing Climate Change, the Dubai Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (DCCAS) was developed by Dubai Municipality under direction of the Dubai Executive Council. It is a first step in aligning and enhancing the adaptation measures undertaken by the Emirate of Dubai to its changing climate. Since this phenomenon will affect all sectors of society in Dubai, this strategy is broad in scope, seeking to facilitate both individual and shared actions from across different sectors and stakeholders. Climate change adaptation utilizes science to predict the effects of climate change and taking appropriate actions to prevent or limit damage, while taking advantage of opportunities that may arise. Adaptation helps society deal with the consequences of climate change by designing and enabling practical actions to manage risks to communities, the economy and ecosystems.
Being driven by the goals set forth in the UAE Vision 2021 and Dubai Plan 2021, the DCCAS aims to create an adaptation framework that achieves synergy with other ambitions of Dubai, overall resilience of community and the natural and economic systems on which they depend on, and sustainable urban development. The DCCAS framework follows a well-established methodology; current vulnerability and future risks assessment, identification of adaptation options and prioritization of actions; to achieve the climate change resilience and adaptive capacity in the Emirate of Dubai. Risks were identified based on the main climatic and non-climatic stress factors, and potential impacts evaluated from the sensitivity, adaptive capacity and exposure of the sector. Further, risks were benchmarked against the risks recognized by other countries. Additionally, the framework highlights the approach plan and expected outcomes, and identifies the main sectors in Emirate of Dubai expected to be affected by the climate change pressures. The DCCAs framework is based primarily on two key pillars:
The DCCAS strategy has received a substantial support and collaboration from the concerned government and private stakeholders. The strategy was implemented with the following key objectives:
The UAE has a reputation for being the most active, forward-thinking country within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) concerning climatic actions and approaches, focusing on economic diversification and low-carbon transition. It is committed to international agreements and frameworks addressing climate change and its risks. Among of which, Dubai emirate has been acting proactively in adopting to climate extremes with many measures being taken over its history. Coming cross this, the Dubai’s Climate Change Adaptation Strategy was developed to set the main strategic direction and the first steps towards more detailed planning and implementation of climate change actions. In order to ensure the successful implementation of the Dubai’s Climate Change Adaptation Strategy, a number of short- mid- and long-term actions (<2030 to 2100), and cross sectoral opportunities and benefits, has been identified. Whereas the adaptation is a shared responsibility in which governments at all levels, businesses and households have important and complementary roles to play, DCCAS closely monitors adaptation actions to provide an insight into how Dubai is preparing for and responding to the impacts of climate change.